Prevalence of polycystic ovarian disease among students of tertiary care hospital of Kutch, Gujarat- a cross-sectional study

  • Dr. Shaktisinh Vaghela Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gyanecology, Gujarat Adani Institute of Medical Science, Bhuj, Kutch, Gujarat, India
  • Dr. Prafulla Kotak Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gyanecology, Gujarat Adani Institute of Medical Science, Bhuj, Kutch, Gujarat, India
Keywords: Kutch, Menstrual irregularity, Polycystic ovarian syndrome, Rotterdam’s criteria


Background and Aim: Diagnosing Polycystic ovarian syndrome at an early stage will help prevent these complications of maternal and child health which appears to cover two of the eight objectives of millennium development goals (MDG). Present study was done with an aim to find its prevalence in medical, dental, nursing and paramedical female students, aged between 16-24 years, in a teaching hospital.

Material and Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out among 112 subjects in a tertiary care teaching hospital of Kutch, Gujarat. Students of aged 16-25 years were randomly selected from various batches and branches of medical and paramedical courses. The diagnosis of PCOS was made based on Rotterdam’s criteria. The ultrasound criteria define the polycystic ovary as containing 12 or more follicles measuring 2-9mm and/or an increased ovarian volume of > 10cm.

Results: The average age of students with and without PCOS did not show much difference. The percent of students having only menstrual irregularity with cyst (14.79%) which is higher than those having only the other two combinations (6.1% and 1.6%) showing that a student with menstrual irregularity is more likely to have a cyst and vice versa.

Conclusion: Based on the observation it is concluded that the prevalence of PCOS is increasing gradually in Areas of Kutch, Gujarat and it may be a major health concern in future. Hence, early diagnosis and intervention will reduce the long-term health complications associated with PCOS.


Download data is not yet available.


1. Azziz R, Marin C, Hoq L, Badamgarav E, Song P. Health care-related economic burden of the polycystic ovary syndrome during the reproductive life span. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005;90(8):4650-4658. Epub 2005 Jun 8. doi: 10.1210/jc.2005-0628

2. Eshre R. Revised 2003 consensus on diagnostic criteria and longterm health risks related to polycystic ovary syndrome. Fertil Steril. 2004;81(1):19-25. doi:

3. Tasali E, Van Cauter E, Ehrmann DA. Relationships between sleep disordered breathing and glucose metabolism in polycystic ovary syndrome. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006;91(1):36-42. Epub 2005 Oct 11. doi: 10.1210/jc.2005-1084

4. Giudice LC. Endometrium in PCOS: Implantation and predisposition to endocrine CA. Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006;20 (2):235-244. doi: 10.1016/j. beem. 2006.03.005

5. Cerda C, Pérez-Ayuso RM, Riquelme A, Soza A, Villaseca P, Sir-Petermann T, et al. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. J Hepatol. 2007;47(3):412-417. Epub 2007 May 24. doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2007.04.012

6. Hollinrake E, Abreu A, Maifeld M, Van Voorhis BJ, Dokras A. Increased risk of depressive disorders in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Fertil Steril. 2007;87(6): 1369-1376. Epub 2007 Mar 29. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2006.11.039

7. Deswal R, Dang AS, Nanda S. Prevalence of Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) in North Indian women. Ind J Health Wellb. 2014;5(6):742.

8. Nidhi R, Padmalatha V, Nagarathna R, Amritanshu R. Prevalence of polycystic ovarian syndrome in Indian adolescents. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2011;24(4): 223-227. doi: 10.1016/j.jpag.2011.03.002. Epub 2011 May 19.

9. List of goals, targets, and indicators. Available from Retrieved. 2012 10-18.

10. Kalra S, Unnikrishnan AG. Obesity in India: The weight of the nation. J Med Nutri Nutraceut. 2012;1(1):37-41. doi: 10.4103/2278-019X.94634.

11. List of goals, targets, and indicators. The Human Rights Guide to the sustainable development goals.

12. Norman RJ, Dewailly D, Legro RS, Hickey TE. Polycystic ovary syndrome. Lancet. 2007;370 (9588): 685-697. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(07) 61345-2

13. Gainie MA, Khurana ML, Eunice M, Gupta N, Diwivedi SN, Gulati MS, et al. Prevalence of glucose intolerance among adolescent and young women with polycystic ovary syndrome in India. Indian J Endocrinol Metab 2004.

14. Guraya SS. Prevalence and ultrasound features of Polycystic ovaries in young unmarried Saudi females. J Microscop Ultrastruct. 2013;1 (1): 30-34. doi: 1016/j.jmau.2013.06.002.

15. Esmaeilzadeh S, Delavar MA, Amiri M, Khafri S, Pasha NG. Polycystic ovary syndrome in Iranian adolescents. Int J Adolesc Med Health. 2014;26(4):559565. doi: 10.1515/ijamh-2013-0335.

16. Carmina E, Lobo RA. Polycystic ovaries in Hirsute women with normal menses. Am J Med. 2001;111(8): 602-606. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9343(01)00979-2.

17. Bindu BR. Increasing incidence of PCOS in adolescence and its relation with mental stress. Res J Recent Sci. 2014;3(ISC-2013);227-230.

18. Enrico Carmina, Rogerio A Lobo. Polycystic ovaries in hirsute women with normal menses. 2001; 111 (8): 602-606. doi: S0002 9343(01)00979-2.

19. Carey AH, Chan KL, Short F, White D, Williamson R, Franks S. Evidence for a single gene effect causing polycystic ovaries and male pattern baldness. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 1993;38(6):653-658. doi: 10.1111 /j.1365-2265. 1993.tb02150.x

20. Legro RS, Driscoll D, Strauss JF 3rd, Fox J, Dunaif A. Evidence for a genetic basis for hyperandrogenemia in polycystic ovary syndrome. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998;95(25):14956-14960. doi: 10.1073/pnas. 95.25. 14956

21. Kumarapeli V, Seneviratne Rde A, Wijeyaratne CN, Yapa RM, Dodampahala SH. A simple screening approach for assessing community prevalence and phenotype of polycystic ovary syndrome in a semiurban population in Sri Lanka. Am J Epidemiol. 2008;168(3):321-328. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwn137. Epub 2008 Jun 10.

22. March WA, Moore VM, Willson KJ, Phillips DI, Norman RJ, Davies MJ. The prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome in a community sample assessed under contrasting diagnostic criteria. Hum Reprod. 2010;25 (2): 544-551. doi: 10.1093/humrep/dep399. Epub 2009 Nov 12.
DOI: 10.17511/joog.2019.i04.02
Published: 2019-10-31
How to Cite
Vaghela, S., & Kotak, P. (2019). Prevalence of polycystic ovarian disease among students of tertiary care hospital of Kutch, Gujarat- a cross-sectional study. Obs Gyne Review: Journal of Obstetric and Gynecology, 5(4), 186-190.
Original Article