Obs Gyne Review: Journal of Obstetric and Gynecology 2022-01-04T00:07:40+0530 Dr D Sharad Gedam Open Journal Systems <div id="journalDescription-8" class="journalDescription"> <p><em><strong>ISSN: <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2455-5444 (Online)</a>, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2581-4389 (Print)</a></strong></em></p> <p><em><strong>RNI: MPENG/2017/74037</strong></em></p> </div> “COMPARISON OF RATE AND INDICATIONS OF EMERGENCY AND ELECTIVE CAESAREAN SECTION: A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY” 2022-01-04T00:06:39+0530 SHWETHA NARASAPPA Harish KM Pujith Kumar G Sai Chandhan T Sreenivasa Reddy C Satish Reddy GM <p><strong>Background:</strong> Cesarean section remains the most commonly performed obstetric surgery and is done either as emergency or elective procedure. Knowing that always emergency procedure is the one which carries greater risk of complication than elective procedure, there is a need to compare rate and indications of emergency and elective caesarean section.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This retrospective study was conducted at The Apollo Institute of Medical Sciences And Research, Chittoor, Andrapradesh, India between 1st January 2020 – 31st December 2020. All women who underwent emergency and elective caesarean delivery in OBG department were taken in the study.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The total no of caesarean deliveries was 1432. Among them 804 (56.15%) patients had Emergency CS, and 628 (43.85%) had Elective CS. Majority of women were 20 to 30 year old, studied up to metric, residing in rural area, belong to middle socio-economic status and were booked in both Emergency CS and Elective CS&nbsp; group. Primigravida were more in Emergency CS group and multigravida were more in Elective CS group. There were statistically significant differences in Age, Education, Residence, Socio-economic status, Gravida and Booking status between Emergency CS group and Elective CS group (p &lt; 0.05). Fetal distress was the commonest indication for Emergency CS, were as Previous CS was most common indication for Elective CS.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> Emergency CS rate is higher when compared to elective CS. Fetal distress is the major indication contributing to Emergency CS and previous CS is the major indication contributing to Elective CS rate. Hence there is a need for intervention to decrease the emergency CS for fetal distress. This will reduce repeat CS in future and there by decrease in Elective rate CS also</p> 2022-01-03T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2022 Author (s). Published by Siddharth Health Research and Social Welfare Society “Rate and Indications of Caesarean section in the Apollo Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Chittoor: A retrospective study” 2022-01-04T00:07:40+0530 HARISH KM SHWETHA NARASAPPA MallikarjunaReddy E Kedar Karthik Ch. Pujith Kumar G Sai Chandhan T <p><strong>Aim:</strong> To determine the rate and indications of caesarean section.</p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> It is a retrospective study conducted at The Apollo Institute Of Medical Sciences And Research, Chittoor for one year. The data was retrieved from the medical record of operation theatre.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> During the study period, 34.85% (1,432 out of 4109) of women underwent caesarean section. Majority of the women (80.02%) belonged to 20-30 years and 69.13% had studied up to metric. Majority of women 78.35 % were from rural area and 87.70 % belong to middle socio-economic status. Booked cases were 94.55% and Multigravida (54.53%) were majority to undergo caesarean section. The four leading indications were previous caesarean section (40.22%), fetal distress (17.94%), non-progress of labour (13.40%) and Oligo-Hydramnious (7.89%).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> The rate of caesarean section is more than the national (India) as well as global caesarean section rate. Previous caesarean section is the main indication followed by fetal distress.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2022-01-03T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2022 Author (s). Published by Siddharth Health Research and Social Welfare Society