Maternal mortality at a tertiary care teaching hospital of India: a retrospective study
Introduction:Pregnancy, carries risk of maternal mortality due to various complications that may arise during pregnancy, labour and thereafter.
Objectives: To assess the causes of maternal death over a period of three years at a tertiary care teaching hospital at Kolkata, India.
Methods: A retrospective hospital based study of maternal deaths over a period of 3 years from January 2015 to December 2017. The information regarding demographic profile and reproductive parameters were collected and results were analyzed.
Results: Over the study period, there were 25,498 live births, and 81 maternal deaths, giving MMR of 317/1,00,000 live births. Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia was the leading direct cause while liver disease was leading indirect cause.
Conclusions: Maternal deaths are preventable by early identification of high risk pregnancies, standard treatment and their timely referral to higher centre.
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