A study of Maternal BMI as Determinant of Pregnancy & Perinatal Outcomes in Hazaribagh Medical College and Hospital, Hazaribagh.
Introduction: Maternal nutrition plays an important role in maternal and fetal outcomes. The low maternal BMI or Obesity are both associated with adverse outcomes.
Objectives: To evaluate the impact of the maternal body mass index on the pregnancy outcome and neonatal outcomes.
Materials and Methods: This is a prospective cohort study in which a total of 200 patients meeting the inclusion criteria were enrolled in the study after informed consent of which 100 patients enrolled after 18 weeks of gestation had a low BMI and 100 patients with a higher BMI than normal.
Results: Pregnant females having low BMI as baseline had more risk of IUGR, fetal distress and low birth weight in newborns while those having high maternal BMI had more incidence of PIH in mothers, oligohydramnios, increased birth weight, increased risk of LSCS and NICU admissions and delayed maternal wound healing.
Conclusion: The health of women, throughout their childbearing ages, should be cared , to improve their obstetrical and perinatal outcomes. Also, the high-risk groups should be managed properly.
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