The ambit of congenital malformations in the Kachchh district- a hospital-based study at a tertiary care center
Background and Aim: Quantifying birth defects in a population is felt as a need as it helps inappropriate allocation of the health budget to tackle and reduce perinatal, neonatal, and infant mortality rates. Hence a study on congenital anomalies was undertaken in the region of Kachchh district.
Material and Methods: Present cross-sectional study was performed on 10 patients diagnosed with having congenital malformed fetuses at tertiary care center- G.K. General Hospital, Bhuj, Kachchh district, Gujarat, India over three months – January, February, March 2019.
Results: Mean age of the study participants were 22.3 years, most (70%) of the study participants were primigravida. Hydrocephalus was the most common birth defect among study participants. Eighty percentages (80%) of study participants had gross anomalies. Sixty percentages (60%) of participants had the outcome of termination.
Conclusion: Congenital anomalies were in babies to mothers between 20-30 years of age. Once an anomaly is detected, various management options are to be discussed with the patients in consultation with a neonatologist, pediatric surgeon, and neurosurgeon when necessary.
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