A study on awareness and behavior of women towards contraceptive use among women attending tertiary care center in northern Andhra Pradesh, India
Background: In spite of the constant efforts by the government, the unmet need for contraception (12.8% in 2006 WHO report) is still there. There are many social factors, taboos, myths, and ignorance, which is responsible for the underutilization of contraceptive services. This leads to many unwanted pregnancies causing maternal morbidity and mortality. The aim of the study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, practices, and behavior of women regarding various contraceptive methods.
Material and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study of 1244 married women attending gynaecology OPD of Great Eastern Medical School and Hospital, Srikakulam, Andhra Pradesh (India). All participants were interviewed with a predesigned proforma.
Results: Almost 88.5% of women were from a rural area and more than one-third were illiterate, belonging to low socioeconomic status. Awareness level about contraceptive methods was 92.3% among the participants and almost all of them knew about barriers and oral pills. The main source of knowledge was Healthcare Workers followed by media and social circles. Approximately 43.5% were currently using one or the other method of contraception. The barrier method was the most commonly used. The main reason for not using contraception was Desirous for Conception.
Conclusion: There is a need to create awareness about the benefits of contraception.
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